Reproductive system information

It contains the testes and lowest parts of the spermatic cord. During the fetal period, the fetus grows larger and more complex until it is ready to be born. Reproduction — the process by which organisms make more organisms like themselves — is one of the things that set living things apart from nonliving matter.

The urethra enters it on the flattened deep aspect that lies against the perineal membrane, traverses its substances, and continues into the corpus spongiosum. Major secondary sexual characteristics includes: Below the skin is a layer of involuntary muscle, the dartos, which can alter the appearance of the scrotum.

It contains the testicles also called testesas well as many nerves and blood vessels. The dorsal surface of the penis is that which faces upward and backward during erection.

Reproductive System

The last stage of the birth process involves the delivery of the placenta, which is now called the afterbirth. Uterus or womb A sac shaped like an upside down pear with a thick lining and muscles in the pelvic area in which a fertilized egg or zygote comes and grows into a baby.

Of the autonomic nerve fibres the sympathetic fibres cause constriction of blood vessels, and the parasympathetic fibres cause their dilation. Approximately every 28 daysthe pituitary gland releases a hormone that stimulates some of the ova to develop and grow.

The body of the penis is cylindrical in shape and consists of three internal chambers. Such behaviour patterns are adaptations for survival and thus are essential; all are induced by the nervous and endocrine systems and are typically cyclical, because gonadal activity is cyclical see also reproductive behaviour.

During this process, the male inserts his erect penis into the female's vagina and ejaculates semenwhich contains sperm. The building of nests, however simple, is essential reproductive behaviour in many species.

Prior to puberty, there is no spermatogenesis due to the lack of hormonal triggers. The skin of the penis is loose and elastic to allow for changes in penis size during an erection. Spermatic Cords and Ductus Deferens Within the scrotum, a pair of spermatic cords connects the testes to the abdominal cavity.

There are some scattered hairs and sebaceous glands on its surface. The opening of the cervix is very small no wider than a strawwhich is why a tampon can never get lost inside a girl's body.

The vagina is a muscular, hollow tube that extends from the vaginal opening to the uterus. In the center of each breast is a highly pigmented nipple that releases milk when stimulated.

A man should receive a complete physical examination and laboratory tests should be performed starting hormone replacement therapy. Diseases of the human reproductive system are very common and widespread, particularly communicable sexually transmitted diseases.

The first is to produce egg cells, and the second is to protect and nourish the offspring until birth. The male reproductive system includes the scrotum, testes, spermatic ducts, sex glands, and penis.

These organs work together to produce sperm, the male gamete, and the other components of semen. The male reproductive system is a series of organs located outside of the body and around the pelvic region of a male that contribute towards the reproduction process. The primary direct function of the male reproductive system is to provide the male sperm for fertilization of the ovum.

Endometriosis – a condition involving colonization of the abdominal/pelvic cavity with islands of endometrial tissue. Endometrium is the lining layer of the uterus which sloughs off with each menstruation.

If endometrial tissue flushes up the uterine tube and spills into Female reproductive system diseases Read More. The female reproductive system is made up of internal organs and external structures.

Its function is to enable reproduction of the species. Sexual maturation is the process that this system undergoes in order to carry out its role in the process of pregnancy and birth.

Animal reproductive system

Internal reproductive organs. The reproductive system of marine gastropods such as those from class Opisthobranchia and order Archaeogastropoda from the class Prosobranchia, is a continuous cycle of alternating male and female reproductive role turnonepoundintoonemillion.comately after spawning in late summer, the predominance of the female reproductive functions are terminated and gametogenesis initiates immediately, with the start.

The female reproductive system includes the ovaries, fallopian tubes, uterus, vagina, vulva, mammary glands and breasts. These organs are involved in the production and transportation of gametes and the production of sex hormones.

Reproductive system of gastropods Reproductive system information
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Quiz: Reproductive System